The Solar Car Challenge leads students to explore solar conversions, gears, friction, and design.
Objectives: Students will:
• construct a solar powered car
• fine-tune the solar cars to maximize speed and straight travel characteristics
Understand energy, its transformations, and interactions with matter.
Identify forms of various types of energy and their effects on matter.
Identify various forms of energy including heat, light, sound, and electricity.
Describe examples of energy transfer.
Identify the direction of heat transfer on a diagram showing objects at different temperatures.
Identify ways to produce heat including light, burning, electricity, friction, and as a by-product of mechanical and electrical machines.
Identify examples of energy transfer in the environment.
FORMING THE QUESTION/HYPOTHESIS
Formulate and express scientific questions or hypotheses to be investigated.
DESIGNING THE INVESTIGATION
Design a simple scientific investigation to answer questions or test hypotheses.
COLLECTING AND PRESENTING DATA
Collect, organize, and summarize data from investigations.
ANALYZING AND INTERPRETING RESULTS
Summarize, analyze, and interpret data from investigations.
Time: 3 40-minute sessions
Materials: See Solar Challenge site for specific construction plans and materials lists.